1. Naxos shows abundance in emery, an industrially important rock type that has been used for its iron bearing properties. Smyrida as it is known to the locals, dates back to the Bronze Age and most of the world’s supply of emery has originated from Naxos, in the bowels of Ammomaxi mountain. Emery is still mined today, but at a much lower rate since it has been replaced by synthetic substitutes, while Koronos village is where most emery mines (almost 50) can still be found today.
2. Naxian marble, or Crystallina as is the commercial name for it, is among the finest in the world. It comes in three grades: the stark white which is the finest of them all that accounts for 20%, semi-white which is the most common, accounting for 50% and the grey, which is the lowest grade and accounts for the remaining 30%. One other interesting fact about Naxian marble is that it appears vertically on the slopes whereas most marble is found in a horizontal manner.
3.Naxian marble is not a thing of the past; yes it used to be the main luxurious construction material for important sites throughout Greek antiquity. However, there still is a place for it today. There is a plethora of contemporary marble sculptors on Naxos island that bring marble art into the 21st century. Resident artists, both Greek and foreign, have set up workshops which you can visit and admire their artistic talent, using Naxos’ most prized natural commodity.
4. Not one but two, massive ancient sculptures of Kouros statues made from gray marble, typically referred to as the form of a young man, are found in Naxos. The Kouros of Apollonas, also known as the Colossus of Dionysus, is the first and dates back to the Archaic period. It is an unfinished beast of a statue measuring over 10 meters tall and weighing over 80 tonnes that lays horizontally weathered by the elements of so many centuries gone by. The second is found in the village of Melanes, is 6 meters and also lies on the ground. It is not as big as the first Kouros statue but it is better formed, and the male shape can be more easily discerned.